PEPTIC ULCER & GASTRITES

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain or discomfort the upper part of the abdomen.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Nausea.
  • Heartburn.
  • Vomiting.
  • Belching or gas.
  • Dark or bloody stools.


What to do now

  • Go to a doctor if you think you have a stomach ulcer or gastritis.
  • Drink lots of water and other liquids to prevent dehydration, but avoid milk, which can increase acid secretion.
  • Take antacids.
  • Avoid aspirin ibuprofen, and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.


When to call US (TREATMENT AT HOME BANGLADESH)

  • If you vomit blood or material that looks like coffee grounds; these symptoms indicate internal bleeding.
  • If you develop symptoms of an ulcer along with severe back pain; your ulcer may be perforating the stomach or duodenum wall.
  • If you feel faint, cold, and clammy, or you actually do faint. These may be symptoms of a shock, usually resulting from massive blood loss.
  • If you have an ulcer and develop symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue and pallid complexion; your ulcer may be bleeding.
  • If you pass stools that appear dark red, Bloody or black.If you pass stools that appear dark red, Bloody or black.
  • If you have severe stomach pain.
  • If you have symptoms of an ulcer or gastritis that last more than two weeks.


How to prevent it

  • If you smoke, quit.
  • Do what you can to reduce stress.
  • If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.
  • Minimize use of aspirin and ibuprofen.
  • Avoid foods that upset your stomach.
  • To prevent an ulcer from recurring, carefully follow instructions for any ulcer drugs you are taking.


NAUSEA & VOMITING

Signs and Symptoms

Nausea and vomiting are sometimes accompanied by one of the following:

  • Abdominal cramps or pain.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Fever, weakness, and fatigue.
  • Headache.
  • Loss of appetite.


What to do now

If you think might have severe food poisoning or chemical poisoning:

  • Trained specialists can help you determine the possible source and whether you need a medical treatment.
  • If you have mild vomiting and diarrhea:
  • Don’t take any antinausea or antidiarrhoea medication for 24 hours after your symptoms develop, unless a doctor recommends it. Vomiting and diarrhea are the body’s way of expelling whatever irritant or infectious agent may be causing the problem. (Medication may be necessary for children, who become dehydrated more quickly.)
  • Once you can keep fluid in your stomach, drink clear liquids for about the next 12 hours. Then, for a full day, eat bland foods-such as rice, baked potatoes, and clear soups - if your stomach can tolerate them.
  • Get plenty of rest until symptoms are gone. Because you can lose lots of fluid from repeated vomiting. Dehydration is a potential danger, especially in children and other adults. Symptoms include dry mouth, sticky saliva, dizziness or weakness or weakness, dark yellow urine, and sometimes excessive thirst.
  • If you cannot keep liquids down and are becoming severely dehydrated, you will need to go to a hospital for intravenous fluid replacement.


When to call US (TREATMENT AT HOME BANGLADESH)

  • If, along with vomiting and abdominal pain, you experience blurred vision, muscle weakness, difficulty speaking or swallowing, or muscle paralysis. These may be signs of botulism, a rare but sometimes fatal type of bacterial food poisoning.
  • If you have symptoms of chemical food poisoning-vomiting,  diarrhea, sweating dizziness, excessively tear eyes, great amounts of saliva mental confusion, and stomach pain- about 30 minutes after eating. This is often caused by pesticides or by eating food kept in tainted containers, and can be life-threatening.
  • If you vomit blood or anything that looks like coffee grounds.
  • If you have bloody or tarry stools; this can signal internal bleeding.
  • If you have intense pain or swelling in the abdomen, rectum, or anus; you may have a serious abdominal disorder.
  • If you develop signs of dehydration-dry mouth, sticky saliva, dizziness or weakness, dark yellow urine, and sometimes, excessive thirst. Dehydration is extremely serious in infants.
  • If you symptoms recur after treatment; you may have an  underlying problem such as an intestinal parasite.
  • If your vomiting and diarrhea are severe and last longer than two or three days.
  • If you have a fever of 101.05 or higher.


How to prevent it

To avoid catching viral stomach flu:

  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Keep your immune system strong with plenty of rest, exercise, and a healthy diet. To prevent food poisoning:
  • Don’t defrost frozen meat at room temperature. let meat melt in the refrigerator, or defrost it quickly in a microwave oven and cook it immediately. Be sure that frozen food (especially poultry) is completely defrosted before cooking, so that it will cook all the way through and any bacterial will be killed.
  • Outside your house, be especially careful not to eat moist foods that have been out in the sun long enough to become warm. Avoid uncooked, marinated food a raw meat fish, or eggs. Cook all such food well.
  • Using soap and hot water, carefully wash your hands and any countertops, cutting boards, and utensils touched by uncooked meat fish, and poultry.
  • Refrigerate perishable items immediately. Set your refrigerator at 37 degrees, and never eat diary products or cooked meat if they have been out of a refrigerator more than two hours.
  • Be sure that all members of your household wash their hands with soap and water after using the toilet and before preparing food or eating.
  • Don’t eat any food that looks or smells spoiled, or any food in bulging cans or cracked jars-a signal that the contents have gone bad.
  • Don’t eat wild berries, mushrooms, or other plants unless you are sure of what they are.


DIARRHOEA

Signs and Symptoms

  • Loose, watery stools.
  • Frequent bowel movements.
  • Abdominal pain or cramping.


What to do now

  • Avoid eating solid food at first, to let the digestive tract rest.
  • Sip clear, warm liquids (water, tea, or broth), sports drinks, of flat sodas (ginger ale, cola, or other sodas that have been left open to lose their fizz). Drink only small amounts for the first few hours, then as much as your stomach ca n handle.
  • If your stomach tolerates the fluids try eating bulk-adding foods such as bananas, white rice, or toast.
  • Don’t take over-the-counter anti diarrhea products for the first few hours; allow your system to expect whatever irritant or infectious agent may be causing the problem. If you do use such products don’t continue taking them for more than a day or two without consulting your doctor.
  • While you are recovering, avoid alcohol, milk products, and fiber-rich foods such as salads and fruit.


When to call US (TREATMENT AT HOME BANGLADESH)

  • If the diarrhea is a accompanied by severe cramping, light-headedness, chills, vomiting, or fever over 101 degrees.
  • If you notice signs of severe dehydration-dry mouth, sticky saliva, dizziness or weakness, and dark yellow urine. Call for an immediate appointment:
  • If stools are bloody or tarry, or contain  mucus or worms.
  • If you have diarrhea frequently, or if it occurs while you are taking a medication.
  • If diarrhea lasts for more than 48 hours (one day for a child under three, eight hours for an infant under six months).
  • If you have been traveling and may have been drinking untreated water.
  • If diarrhea alternates with constipation and persists for more than a few weeks. You may have irritable bowel syndrome or- though less likely- colon cancer.
  • If you notice signs of dehydration, which can be dangerous for the elderly as well as for young children.


How to prevent it

  • Avoid foods that you know your body cannot tolerate well.
  • When traveling in foreign countries, drink only bottled or boiled or boiled water or canned beverages. Eat fruits and vegetables.

GALLSTONES

Signs and Symptoms

  • Intense pain in the upper-right side or center of the abdomen, possibly spreading to the back, chest or right shoulder.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Gas and indigestion.
  • Fever and chills.
  • Jaundice-yellowish skin and eyes.


What to do now

If you have symptoms of a gallstone attack, it’s critical to get immediate medical attention. In the meantime, do not eat or drink.


When to call a doctor

  • If you have sudden, severe pain in the upper-right area of your abdomen. (If abdominal pain is accompanied by nausea, sweating, and shortness of breath, these symptoms may signal a hear attack.)
  • Call for emergency advice (if not available, Go to an emergency facility):
  • If you notice a yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes (called jaundice).
  • If you have already been diagnosed with gallstones and you have severe abdominal pain that lasts more than two hours.


How to prevent it

  • Maintain your ideal body weight:
  • Consult your doctor before trying to lose weight, and diet sensibly.


MUSCLE CRAMPS

Signs and Symptoms

  • A sudden, harshly painful tightening of a muscle.
  • A muscle that is hard.
  • In some cases, visible twitching of the muscle.
  • Heat cramps: sudden, severe spasms in the legs, arms and in the abdominal muscles.


What to do now

  • Stretch. For leg muscles, face a wall and put your hands or forearms against it; then, keeping your feet flat on the floor, take steps backward until you are leaning against the wall from several feet away.
  • Massage. Begin at the edge of the cramp and move in toward the center, squeezing the muscle gently.
  • For a stubborn cramp, immerse the area in warm water while stretching and massaging the muscle.
  • If you have heat camps, get out of the sun and drink cool water or an energy drink.
  • For menstrual cramps, take warm baths or put a hot-water bottle or heating pad on your abdomen.


When to call a doctor

  • If you have heat cramps accompanied by dizziness or disorientation; this can be a sign of heat stroke.
  • If you get a severe, cramping pain in your chest, shoulders, or arms; this can signal a heart attack.
  • If you suffer from long-term or frequent muscle cramps.


How to prevent it

  • Drink eight to ten glasses of water every day.
  • Do stretching exercises regularly, especially before going to bed.
  • Warm up and stretch before exercising.
  • To prevent heat cramps in hot weather, drink a small glass (about four ounces) of cool water before and after exercise and every 15 minutes during exercise. (Drinking lots of cold water at once may cause stomach upset.) If your drink other beverages like coca cola or pepsi, drink one low in sugar.
According to some exerts, you can cut the risk of gallstones with a diet that is high in fiber and low in fat and cholesterol.




LOW BACK PAIN

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain low in the back, possibly severe. It may come on suddenly or slowly; it may be constant or occur only at certain times of the day or when your are in a certain position; it may be confined to one place or move to other parts of your back.
  • Numbness, stiffness, tingling, or a shooting pain in your legs or buttocks, usually on one side only.
  • Pain that is aggravated by coughing, sneezing, or twisting.
Call a doctor immediately if you also have these symptoms of nerve damage:
  • Any numbness or weakness, especially numbness around your groin or rectal area.
  • Trouble controlling your bladder or bowels.
  • Weakness in one or both legs.


What to do now

  • If back pain disturbs your sleep, put pillows beneath your knees and place a pillow between them.
  • Don’t sleep on your stomach.
  • Use acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen.
  • For the first two days after back pain begins, apply an ice pack to the painful area for five to ten minutes at a time. After two days, apply heat from a heating pad or take warm showers.
  • If you have pain while driving, use a pillow or rolled-up towel to support the curve in the small of your back.


When to call a doctor

Go to an emergency facility:

  • If your back pain is combined with symptoms of nerve damage, particularly loss of bladder or bowel control.
  • If back pain is severe or disrupts your normal activities.
  • If the pain doesn’t go away within a few days or keeps coming back.


 

How to prevent it

  • Exercise regularly. Avoid exercise that twist or wrench your body, or anything that seems to make your back pain worse. Walking, swimming are ideal.
  • Do exercise to strengthen the abdominal muscles (always do sit-ups with your knees bent) Also, stretch the muscles that run parallel to your spine (lie flat on your back, pull one knee, then the other, toward your chest). Consult a specialist to develop a program that’s right for your and your back.
  • Try yoga. Both back pain sufferers and doctors give it high ratings for building strength and flexibility. It also helps your relax and reduce stress.
  • Wear comfortable, low-heeled shoes.
  • If you sit for long periods, make sure your work surface is at a comfortable height and that your chair provides good lower back support. Walk around for a few minutes every half hour or so.
  • Don’t lift and twist at the same time. Lift with your legs, not your back, and lift as little weight each time as possible.
  • Control your weight. A big belly puts strain on the lower spine.


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